Browser extension manifest v3 is a new version of the manifest file that specifies the properties and behaviors of a browser extension. It is currently in development and is expected to be released in the near future.
One of the major changes in manifest v3 is the introduction of a new permission model. In previous versions of the manifest, extensions were granted broad access to web pages and could make network requests to any domain. This has led to security and privacy concerns, as extensions could potentially gather sensitive user data or interfere with the operation of web pages. In manifest v3, extensions will be required to request specific permissions in order to access certain features or resources. This will allow users to make more informed decisions about the extensions they install and will help to reduce the potential for abuse.
The new permission model in manifest v3 is designed to be more granular and flexible than the previous model. Extensions can request access to specific APIs, resources, or web pages, and users can choose to grant or deny these requests. For example, an extension that wants to access a user's browsing history might request the "history" permission, while an extension that wants to modify the content of web pages might request the "tabs" permission.
In addition to requesting specific permissions, extensions will also be required to specify their intended use of those permissions in the manifest. This will help users to understand why an extension is requesting certain permissions and will allow them to make more informed decisions about whether to install the extension.
Another significant change in manifest v3 is the introduction of a new declarativeNetRequest API. This API allows extensions to block or modify network requests based on rules that are defined in the manifest. This will give extensions more control over the web browsing experience, but it also introduces new security and privacy concerns. To address these concerns, the declarativeNetRequest API will be subject to strict performance and security limits, and extensions that use it will be required to undergo a thorough review process before they can be published.
In addition to the declarativeNetRequest API, manifest v3 also introduces a number of other new APIs and features that will allow extensions to interact with the web in more powerful and flexible ways. For example, the extension service worker API will allow extensions to run code in the background, even when the extension's popup or options page is not open. This will enable extensions to perform tasks such as syncing data or sending notifications, even when the browser is not in use.
Another important aspect of manifest v3 is the restriction on the execution of third party code. In previous versions of the manifest, extensions could include third party libraries or frameworks in their codebase, which could potentially introduce security vulnerabilities. In manifest v3, extensions will not be allowed to execute third party code, with a few exceptions for well-established and widely-used libraries. This will help to reduce the risk of security vulnerabilities and will ensure that extensions are more transparent and easy to review.
Overall, manifest v3 represents a significant improvement over previous versions of the manifest, with a focus on security, privacy, and user control. It introduces a number of new features and APIs that will allow extensions to interact with the web in more powerful and flexible ways, while also addressing some of the security and privacy concerns that have arisen with previous versions of the manifest. As such, it is an important step forward for the browser extension ecosystem and will likely have a significant impact on the development and deployment of extensions in the future.